1. Charles Babbage
Creator of the difference engine, and various calculation machines.
Conceived the first idea of the computer, which was not physically realized in his time.
2. Alan Turing
Conceives the model of Turing machine and the Turing test that checks whether it is a person or a machine.
The Turing machine model makes it possible to check whether the computing machine is constructible without actually building it.
3. John Von Neumann
Conceived von Neumann architecture that defines a computer physically.
Among the first who managed to physically realize the model of a Turing machine.
4. Dennis Ritchie
The developer of C language and Unix operating system in its first version.
The first creator of computer operating systems.
5. Steve Jobs
Founder of Apple company.
The developer of Apple-2 computers together with Steve Wozniak, and the creator of the Macintosh computer - which for the first time contained a graphical operating system.
6. Bill Gates
Founder and CEO of Microsoft.
The developer of MS-DOS operating system, and later the Windows operating system as well.
7. Paul Baran
The developer of the Arpanet military network, which formed the basis for the development of the Internet.
8. Dov Moran
The Israeli who invented the portable USB storage which is also called disk-on-key.
9. Linus Torvalds
The founder of the open source community and the developer of the free operating system called Linux - which, among other things, runs on servers, smart cards and is the base layer for the Android operating system.
He also developed Git, a distributed code sharing system for developers.
10. Mark Zuckerberg
Founder of Facebook.
Turned the social networks and the Internet into Web-2, the ability to produce independent content and build communities without being dependent on the website owners.
11. Jeff Bezos
CEO and founder of Amazon, which started as a marketing company but also entered into the web hosting field, and developed cloud services which are known as AWS.
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